Osteoporosis is a disorder that causes bones to become weak and brittle. Osteoporosis treatment may include weight-resistant exercise (like walking), as well as adequate calcium and vitamin D consumption. Without vitamin D, calcium cannot be absorbed, thus many over the counter agents have calcium + vitamin D. Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) may be used daily or weekly to supplement vitamin D deficiencies.
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Teysha Richardson, BS, RPh, PharmD
Dr. Teysha V. Richardson has been enthralled in the world of pharmacy for over 15 years. She had humble beginnings, volunteering at an outpatient ambulatory care pharmacy where she served indigent populations and developed a love for both her patients and the field of pharmacy. She received her Bachelor of Sciences degree in Biology from Albany State University in Albany, Georgia in 2005. She then went on to receive her Doctorate of Pharmacy degree from Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University's College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences in 2011. She has worked for three Fortune 500 companies and currently serves her community as a retail pharmacist. Dr. Richardson is currently licensed to practice pharmacy in multiple states and she is also a Certified Immunization Specialist. Her clinical clerkships and experience include, but are not limited to rehabilitation for musculoskeletal disorders and brain injury, geropsychiatrics, with a concentration in behavioral health and neuroscience, and ambulatory care. She understands that to be a true agent of change, one must not only identify problems, but provide solutions and implement change without being rewarded for doing so. She currently provides consultations and Medication Therapy Management (MTM) reviews for patients, as well as drug utilization reviews to monitor and decrease drug interactions, decrease medication errors, and improve the quality of life for all of her patients. Dr. Richardson is a member of the American Pharmacist Association, the Georgia Pharmacy Association, the Florida Pharmacy Association, and the Florida Society of Health Systems Pharmacists. She is also a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.
Teysha Richardson, BS, RPh, PharmD's Expert Answers
Constipation is classified as infrequent stools, hard stools or difficulty passing stools. Increasing fiber and water intake helps encourage regular bowel movements. Laxatives are another option for constipation. Stool softeners, such as Colace® (docusate sodium) lubricates and softens fecal matter. These work within 24 to 48 hours, but they are safe for the elderly when used correctly.