What is an open adoption?

Two terms that are usually used in adoption are "open" and "closed" but defining these are difficult and there is much variance.  An open adoption usually means that the birth family chooses the forever family.  It may also mean that the birth family and the forever family meet prior to, during or even after the child is born.  In some open adoptions the birth family and the forever family continue communication throughout the child's life.  The communication could be pictures, phone calls, visits, etc.  The type of communication and how much communication is usually determined prior to finalizing the adoption, however, it is not uncommon for the terms to change over time.  The term "closed" adoption usually refers to an adoption where neither the birth family or the forever family have any details about each other.  Open adoptions are much more common now than they used to be.

Answered by: 
Robin Fox